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This is the Spring(sqepc) month. The first thunder is heard this month. All the bears, snakes, gophers and other hibernating animals come out. Snč̓lé stories are no longer told, they have been put away until the next snow fall.
This is also the month when the sčyál̓mn (buttercup), q̓awxeʔ (yellow bells) and słt̓it̓ič̓i (little dog, pussy willows) are in bloom. The Indian people used the sčyál̓mn as medicine. The qawxeʔ was used as a fruit. It would be mixed with spéƛ̓m (bitterroot).
Dates of interest:
April 12: US congress opened the reservation to Homesteading in 1910.
April 18: In 1859, four years after the Hellgate treaty was signed, President Buchanan put the finishing touches on the treaty.
April 23: In 1904, Congress passed the law which divided the reservation into allotment with provisions to open the remaining lands for settlement. This is called the Flathead Allotment act.
April 27: town of Arlee was named for Chief Arlee
April 29: "Wise Chief" Michel, Chief of the Upper Pend d'Oreilles died in 1929
March- k̓ʷsixʷ spq̓niʔ (The Month of The Geese)
When the geese were spotted flying in from the south that was a good sign that the winter months were coming to an end. It was time to look ahead to warmer weather. During the first part of the month, some of the people would go to certain lakes to snag, and trap fish. The people would be preparing for their hunting trips, berry picking and root digging. This is also when ƛ̓čƛ̓a (Blackbirds) would be arriving.
Dates of interest:
March 2: 1945, Louis Charlo, private first class in the US.Marines, killed on Iwo Jima. Six days after he shares with three other Marines the distinction of being the first americans to scale Mount Surabachi on Iwo Jima. He was killed in action on the same island at the age of 18. He was a descendant of chief Martin Charlo. Louis and three companions made history February 24, 1945 by reaching the highest point of 566 ft. Mount Surabachi two hours before a patrol marked its capture by planting an american flag there. Louis was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Antoine Charlo.
March 5: Chief Victor dies and his son Charlo succeeds him.
March 16: US. Government agrees to allot each indian 160 acres.
March 22: Fort Conah is founded as a Trading Post among the Flatheads
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81 Blind Barnaby
St.Ignatius Mt 59865
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